After any misery or mishap the first and the foremost thing come to our mind are the displaced personnel. After any big disaster whether it is man-made or a natural calamity thousands of people are likely to be affected.
Lot of questions arise at these moments
- How to accommodate these large masses quickly?
- Where to setup camps for these disaster victims?
- How large or small should be the size of the camp?
- For how long these people will live here?
With these questions other problems also arise on how to feed these survivors, what utensils and other equipment should be provided. In the long run the authorities start to think how to rehabilitate these people back to their areas.
All these questions are pretty hard to answer soon after any calamity. But the best way to accommodate these people is to setup a large refugee shelter. These temporary homes give these poor souls a closed space to live in and protect themselves from the extreme climates of the region.
These camps provide the people safety and surety that they will be safe from any extreme weather or the rebel parties in the war or conflict situations. They seek asylum in these camps as this is the best and only option they have got.
Appropriate selection of area:-
The place where the camp setup is to be located may not fulfill all the requirements. The main reason for this is that the most suitable areas are already occupied by the locals or are allotted to farmers for farming.
Below are some of the ideas that are useful for the selection of site for installing camps.
The ideal place for setting up a camp must be in a safe area that is away from the border and war zones where the terrorists, enemy army and rebels don’t have access. It should also be located in area free of land mines.
That area should be selected where there is availability of water. If there are no resources then the authorities should have easy access to this area to provide water.
The sit must be in an area where heavy trucks containing equipment and relief items can access easily in all the climates.
Tussle with locals:-
That area needs to be selected where the chances of tussle and brawl between the local and displaced persons is very less. Authorities should take steps to avoid such unpleasant incidents.
That area needs to be selected for a mass refugee shelter where energy and electricity sources are available or can easily be provided. Using wood and cutting trees for lighting fires and cooking purposes is resulting in deforestation.